35 USC § 103

CAFC: Obviousness and Non-Limiting Reference Numerals in Claims: Grit Energy Solutions, LLC v. Oren Technologies, LLC.

The Federal Circuit, in vacating the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s (PTAB) decision in an inter partes review (IPR) that claims in a patent were not obvious, held that, for an obviousness inquiry, reference numerals in the clai… Read More

CAFC: Obviousness and Design Patents: Spigen Korea Co., LTD. v. Ultraproof, Inc.

The Federal Circuit, in reversing a court’s decision to grant summary judgment of invalidity of claims of three design patents, held that the identification of multiple differences between the claimed design and a cited referenc… Read More

CAFC Affirms Use of “General Knowledge” in Obviousness Analysis

The Federal Circuit affirmed a decision by the PTAB finding that the claims of U.S. Patent No. 7,529,806 are “obvious over [the prior art] in light of the general knowledge of a skilled artisan.” Koninklijke Philips N.V. v. Go… Read More

Federal Circuit Defines Scope of Reasonably Pertinent Analogous Art

The Federal Circuit vacated a PTAB decision reversing the examiner’s obviousness rejection under 35 U.S.C. § 103 of patent claims directed to “a fire prevention and suppression system that prevents and extinguishes fire using… Read More

When Is Hindsight Impermissible in an Obviousness Rejection?

According to the PTAB, impermissible hindsight can be found in an obviousness analysis that modifies a reference without providing a rationale for such modification independent of the patent sought to be invalidated. In Apple Inc.… Read More