Design Choice and Obviousness under 35 U.S.C. § 103 at the Federal Circuit: Uber Tech., Inc. v. X One, Inc.

The Federal Circuit has reversed a PTAB determination of non-obviousness because, where the PTAB found no motivation to combine references, the Federal Circuit found a combination of references presented a simple design choice bet… Read More

CAFC: Obviousness and Non-Limiting Reference Numerals in Claims: Grit Energy Solutions, LLC v. Oren Technologies, LLC.

The Federal Circuit, in vacating the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s (PTAB) decision in an inter partes review (IPR) that claims in a patent were not obvious, held that, for an obviousness inquiry, reference numerals in the clai… Read More

Prior Art Anticipates Claims because “A” means “One or More”

The Central District of California held that claims directed to “‘an induction actuated container which is capable of automatically opening when a user is approaching, and automatically closing when the user has left’” are… Read More

CAFC: Obviousness and Design Patents: Spigen Korea Co., LTD. v. Ultraproof, Inc.

The Federal Circuit, in reversing a court’s decision to grant summary judgment of invalidity of claims of three design patents, held that the identification of multiple differences between the claimed design and a cited referenc… Read More

Claim Interpretation and the Enablement Requirement

Providing a reminder about how to interpret elements of a patent claim when analyzing the claim against prior art during patent prosecution, in Technical Consumer Products, Inc. v. Lighting Science Group Corp. (April 8, 2020), the… Read More

Anticipation of Software Patent Claims: Arguments Must Be Consistent with Court’s Claim Construction

In a decision instructive on patent claim interpretation and anticipation analysis in software cases, claims directed to “computerized fitness equipment” that “simulates… actual race conditions with other users” were hel… Read More

CAFC Affirms Use of “General Knowledge” in Obviousness Analysis

The Federal Circuit affirmed a decision by the PTAB finding that the claims of U.S. Patent No. 7,529,806 are “obvious over [the prior art] in light of the general knowledge of a skilled artisan.” Koninklijke Philips N.V. v. Go… Read More

Insufficient Written Description in Provisional Application Triggers On-Sale Bar of Subsequent Patent

A provisional patent application must include sufficient description to allow a person having ordinary skill in the art to make an invention as claimed in an asserted patent claiming priority to the provisional application, as rec… Read More

Federal Circuit Defines Scope of Reasonably Pertinent Analogous Art

The Federal Circuit vacated a PTAB decision reversing the examiner’s obviousness rejection under 35 U.S.C. § 103 of patent claims directed to “a fire prevention and suppression system that prevents and extinguishes fire using… Read More

Court Overturns § 102 Rejection Due to Limiting Preamble

The Federal Circuit overturned a PTAB decision affirming anticipation rejections under 35 U.S.C. § 102 of patent claims directed to “the construction of travel trailers” because the the PTAB “erred in concluding [the preamb… Read More